Lunar and Dandelion’s First Litter – pure New Zealand White rabbits
Lunar gave birth on 29th December – so her babies are now just 3 weeks old. I think there are nine of them but I haven’t counted them yet – it’s best not to disturb them too much when they are tiny – and mum always pops her head round to keep an eye on them!
When they are born I check as best I can that there are no dead babies – they are normally left away from the others so it’s easy to remove them. Thankfully I rarely get babies born dead – but sometimes if it’s a big litter the tiniest might not survive.
I check them once or twice a day to make sure none have got separted – if they have I gently push them back to the others so they don’t get cold.
At ten days old their eyes open and at 3 weeks they start hopping around their pen – they are so cute – this is the best part of breeding rabbits – I can watch them for ages.
And these are all pure New Zealand Whites – no black noses and toes this time!
New Zealand White Rabbits – The Story of Keri and Lily
Last Spring I was contact by a lady via Facebook who had bought two rabbits at an auction and thought one of them might be pregnant. I explained that when does reach maturity (around 6 months old) if they haven’t mated they may still think they are pregnant and make a nest – they pick up hay in their mouths and carry it to their chosen site – and sometimes they will even go as far as pulling out their fur to line the nest.
I explained that there was nothing she needed to do except ensure the doe was making her nest in a safe place – sheltered from the weather. Both does had the run of her fairly small garden with a choice of several boxes to shelter in.
Does are generally very capable mothers and will just get on with it, have all their babies at one time, in one place and feed them until they are old enough to feed themselves.
So back to the story of Keri and Lily: Shortly afterwards, the lady came back to me and asked if I knew anyone who wanted to buy her two rabbits. I had lost both my does – I had been keeping them in runs outside in the summer – during the day – and something took both of them at different times – despite the fact that I was outside with them most of the time they were out. I was devastated – and couldn’t find any NZWhites to replace them – so straight away I said I would have them. She lived Devon way but we were visiting my sister who lives in Cornwall – so we arranged to collect them on the way back.
It was a boiling hot day – and we anticipated arriving around lunchtime – so I texted to ask if she had managed to catch both the does – she hadn’t! So when we arrived both does were happily running around the garden – and were both quite grubby. I ended up chasing them around the garden until I figured out a way to trap them. Eventually we got them both into cat baskets and headed for home.
Both does settled in well but one of them had ear mites – so I had to treat both of them. I mated Keri and she gave birth to 12 babies – although one of them died. Dandelion (my buck) is 4 years old so he’s doing really well siring such a big litter. It wasn’t until the babies were around three weeks old that I noticed some of them were getting black noses – and soon they had black ears, tails and toes – obviously Keri had some Californian blood in her. I then noticed that she did have slightly grey ears – but of course I hadn’t noticed that when she was running around the garden all dusty!
By this time, I had mated Lily and she had a litter of 3 kits. And I had mated Keri again because pure NZWhites are always in high demand – I’ve never had a problem selling them. But I did now have a problem with selling rabbits that were not pure breeds – which is why I have so many rabbits available. For breeding for meat these rabbits should be excellent, despite not being pure – they have enough NZW blood in them – and both breeds are large rabbits – and they are cheaper at £15 each than buying a pure breed.
Happily I have found new homes for both Keri and Lily but still have their babies to sell.
I have also found a pure NZWhite doe – Lunar – and she has just had a litter – so I will also have some pure NZWhites available around the middle of March.
Autumn – season of mists and mellow fruitfulness – perfectly described by John Keats
So much brighter – and warmer – today – tidied up the hen house – and found where the Spice Girls are laying their eggs. They have settled in much faster than the last lot and have calmed down – they don’t skitter away from me in panic any more. Still have difficulty getting them in at night – it’s almost like they are saying to me: “Just one more bit of grass first…” I tell them that they really will be let out again in the morning and there will be plenty more grass to eat!
Dillon crowed for the first time this week – I felt a thrill of excitement when I heard him – its ages since we had an adult cockerel. He has quite a deep crow (the bantam cockerel we had made a really shrill noise – much to the annoyance of the boys who were sleeping in the room nearest him!) Clearing up the garden it was so lovely to hear him crowing. Happy hens lay happy eggs!
Lit the fire the last few nights – my new herby firelighters work really well – just need to show husband how to use them instead of those smelly petrol ones – you just put them on top of screwed up newspaper and you need some really dry kindling or a dry log on top. Works like a dream!
My two new ‘NZW’ does must have some Californian blood in them. Half Keri’s babies now have black noses and tails – and ear tips! They will probably be much hardier – and make better rabbits to breed for meat – but they are definitely not pure bred NZWhites! Wonder how Lily’s babies will turn out! They will all make lovely house rabbits – they are really friendly and the Californians with their black noses and tails are really cute. They are ready for new homes now – £15 each – if you are looking for a pet that doesn’t need a walk every day.
Lily Rabbit has had her babies. Don’t know how many yet as I don’t like to disturb her. Relieved that she is fertile – as last time she was mated no babies appeared.
Collected some pondweed and duck weed out of the ornamental pond and gave it to the ducks. The ducks love rooting through it – and they greedily gobble up all the duck weed off the top of the water (hence its name I guess!).
I’ve decided to call the third duck Jasmine – I often change names as their personalities develop. So I have Desmond, Olivia (Oli) and Jasmine ducks, Dillon and Daisy the Dorkings, Doris Brown and Grace Grey. They are fascinating to watch. The ducks prefer the water bowl to the pond. In the morning they come rushing out – looking to see if there’s any snails in the water bowl.
Picked all the ripe tomatoes out of the polytunnel, and most of the basil and Thai basil. I will make tomato and basil soup for today, skin and chop the rest of the tomatoes and freeze them in tubs – some of them with chopped basil – for later use in curries and pasta dishes. The rest of the chopped basil I freeze in plastic bags, or ice cube trays (with a few drops of water) for adding to meals in the winter. The Thai basil I am drying – laying it on a baking tray in a very cool oven until it is dry, then picking off the leaves and chopping them in the chopper attachment of my mixer. The basil can then be stored in an airtight jar.
The safe way to keep rabbits is to keep them inside, shut in, away from pests – like fleas and ear mites, and diseases – such as myxomatosis, and predators – like rats, foxes and polecats!
The kind way to keep them is to let them roam free outside, eating grass, digging burrows, and letting them take their chances.
My New Zealand White rabbits are a pure breed and I therefore used to keep them inside all the time – easy to handle them – they got used to being stroked and I could easily check on them.
Then, due to pressure from good-intentioned family, I got hutches and pens so they could live outside at least some of the time. This worked fine and my does took turns living outside – until one night a polecat came and took one doe and all her babies.
So we compromised and my rabbits were carried outside each morning – and put back inside each night. By now I was left with one buck (Dandelion) and one doe (Jasmine) who I was very fond of – so they only got to play outside when I was around and about in the garden most of the day.
Then one day Jasmine simply disappeared – it was like something had come down and plucked her from the sky – she had vanished into thin air. I searched everywhere – rabbits have escaped before but they are so slow and don’t really know where to go – and they are white – so I can usually recapture them quickly. Jasmine was nowhere to be seen.
I searched everywhere to get another doe but, when I did find somewhere, all the rabbits had gone by the time I rang up.
Then a lady contacted me on Facebook (I have a ‘New Zealand White Rabbits’ page). She had bought two NZWhite rabbits in an auction, they were free-ranging in her garden and one seemed to be pulling out her fur and making a nest, and she wondered if she might be pregnant.
I replied with information about false pregnancies and reassured her that if the doe really was pregnant she would be very capable of having the babies and looking after them herself.
I thought no more about it until the lady contacted me again saying she needed to find homes for the rabbits – so I offered to buy them and we collected them on the way back from a trip to Cornwall.
The rabbits were indeed two rather large NZWhite does, happily free-ranging in a small garden. My rabbits are quite easy to catch – but these were used to running around and were much quicker on their feet. We discovered that they had dug out quite a long tunnel under next door’s garden – and they hid in there – and under a rose bush; it was a scorching hot day and it took us nearly an hour to corner the rabbits and get them into cat baskets for the journey home.
I felt a bit concerned about keeping the rabbits inside when they had had such a lovely time with a garden to themselves but, after finding them I was not going to take any chances, so they were going to be kept in pens for a while at least. When I finally had a proper chance to look at them I discovered that one had a quite bad ear mite infection (there’s some horrible pictures on the internet if you want to see what it looks like if you don’t treat it quickly but I’m not putting any here).
Previously, one of the does I bought had an ear mite infection and I treated it with oil. A few drops (using a medicine dispenser) in each ear twice a day for the first few days, then once a day for a week, then weekly for 4 weeks, then you need to check regularly to make sure they haven’t come back. I use olive oil or sunflower oil but any oil works because it stops the mites moving about so they can’t mate and lay more eggs. There’s more about ear mites here:
When you go out in the morning, you never know what you are going to find. Sadly, these few bits of white fur are all that is left of Holly rabbit and her six babies – just one week old. Something had got into her pen overnight and taken all Holly’s babies AND Holly rabbit! I am guessing it was a polecat as it had ripped a hole in the wire at the bottom of the pen. It might have been a fox but a fox would easily have jumped into the pen, not made a hole in the wire. We also heard an owl in the night which is quite unusual as we live so near a main road. Whatever, Holly has gone and so have her tiny babies.
Happily Eny rabbit and her kits are all OK – Eny is a more aggressive and protective rabbit – she gets really cross if the cats go anywhere near her and she runs at them. So Eny has to be shut in her hutch at night now which she doesn’t like at all – and tries to hide under the hutch – I keep telling her that won’t protect her and her babies from whatever got Holly but she’s not impressed.
It was so sad, Holly was my favourite rabbit and loved being cuddled. But there’s always something to cheer you up. Wandering around the field looking for clues as to what happened I came across these poppies growing in the ashes of last year’s bonfire night.
I am a great fan of recycling – and if you can reuse something first – even better. This is an excellent example. Sweet tubs – the large ones everyone gets for Christmas containing a selection of chocolates – make great water bowls for my rabbits. They are reasonably easy to clean – and you can replace them with new ones every January!
Is eating no meat actually doing more harm than good?
“People are trying to eat more sustainably but my worry is that they are turning to diets such as veganism that are not necessarily as sustainable, nor as healthy as they imagine.”
I have always believed that, to be truly sustainable, crop rotation should include a fallow field grazed with animals – and the ideal diet should include some meat. To me, it makes much more sense to use animals to manure grassland. If you drink milk, then, on average, for every calf born there is a male calf that is killed at birth – how much more sensible would it be to raise these calves for meat? Try and buy veal from a butcher’s shop in Britain and you will find it’s practically impossible – although you can buy rosé veal online from Shropshire based www.alternativemeats.co.uk This is, I am told, because we believe it is cruel to raise calves for white veal – but rosé veal is from calves that are raised and killed humanely.
So I was very pleased to read this guest post on the Farmdrop website from Patrick Holden, Dairy Farmer and Founding Director of the Sustainable Food Trust which works to accelerate the transition to more sustainable food and farming systems.
He says: “I am growing increasingly concerned about the large number of people turning to diets that may not necessarily be either healthy or sustainable.
“A healthy diet should work backwards from the most sustainable way to farm, and that ideally means eating the foods produced by mixed farms using crop rotations which include a fertility building phase, usually of grass and clover grazed by cows and sheep, but also pastured pigs and poultry.”
Some years ago, I went to a talk by Charlotte Hollins at Fordhall Organic Farm www.fordhallfarm.com – and she was asked a question about the higher price of organic meat. Her answer has stayed with me. She said: “Organic meat is better for you – and it also tastes so much better.” She suggested that replacing some meat with vegetables at each meal, and having a vegetarian meal once a week would even out the cost, so for the same budget you could include organic meat. So that’s what we do – I now have a selection of dried and tinned beans which I add to dishes like spaghetti bolognese and lasagne, replacing some of the meat – and, amazingly, the family are quite happy with the result – and it’s better for us.
My crop rotation doesn’t include sheep, pigs, cows or goats but it does include hens, ducks and rabbits – and the manure they produce enriches my compost bin, replenishes my soil with nutrients, and grows wonderful pumpkins. This year I have allocated a fallow patch for clover – which the rabbits love to eat –and I am leaving some to flower for the bees when I dig the rest in ready to plant cabbages.
New Zealand White Rabbits – all Eny and Holly’s babies have new homes
I had the most wonderful day on Sunday. All 12 baby rabbits went to new homes and will become breeding rabbits. One breeding trio (one buck and two does) will be going to Portugal with their new owner in September. Brendon was telling me about his smallholding and how much he is looking forward to retiring there – and he will be taking Eny and Holly’s babies with him. He said he has had to build a really strong fence to protect his livestock – the foxes are bigger there – and there are golden eagles and otters that eat rabbits and poultry.
This is the first time I have had two litters from different parents so they can be sold as breeding pairs – but I discovered it’s quite complicated working out the best way to pair them off. It sounds simple but one breeder wanted one buck and one doe and Malcolm wanted two bucks and two does (from different litters) to increase the number of wild white rabbits that visit his Manor House garden. He realised that my rabbits would not be used to being outside so he has built a pen for them as an interim stage to ‘going wild’. It was so lovely to see them hopping about on the grass. My breeding bucks and does live in pens outside most of the time but it’s too dangerous for the babies. All sorts of things eat them – not least our cats – Lunar and Sooty – who are the same size as my bucks and eat wild rabbits for fun!
Eny and Holly are both due to have new litters next weekend. If everything goes as well as last time, I shall be delighted.
New Zealand White Rabbits – Holly’s litter at 3 weeks old
Both Holly and Eeny had litters this month – six babies each – and they are now 3 weeks old and hopping around their pens. It will be another 3 weeks before they are weaned and Mum can have a break. They will be ready for new homes when they are 10 weeks old – after 6th June. Won’t be able to tell what sex they are until then.
Now they are old enough to be picked up and cuddled – they are so cute – this is the best part about breeding rabbits.